About ANZAC Day

About ANZAC Day

オーストラリア・ニュージーランド・クック諸島・ニウエ・トンガ の休日。ANZACは、Australia and New Zealand Army Corpsの略で、トルコのガリポリの戦いに参加した兵士達がANZACsとよばれるようになった。

Anzac Day is a public holiday in Australia, New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue and Tonga. ANZAC stands for Australia and New Zealand Army Corps and soldiers who participated in the battle at Gallipoli in Turkey became to be known as ANZACs.

Anzac Day 1916 (courtesy of the State Library of Queensland)

1915年4月25日 アンザック兵はイギリス兵、フランス兵と共にダーダネルス海峡北岸のガリポリ半島に展開するトルコ軍戦線を突破するため上陸攻撃を果たした。しかし、上陸地点が誤算であったため、丘の上で待ち構えていたトルコ軍の攻撃に合ってしまったのである。狭い海岸に釘づけにされ、3万3千人以上の戦死者(うち、約4分の1がオーストラリア兵)を出し作戦は失敗に終わった。しかし、この悲劇の戦いを通してオーストラリアは完全にイギリスから独立し、一つの国『オーストラリア』として成熟した国家になったといわれている。

On the 25th April 1915, the Anzacs, together with English and French soldiers, attacked the Turkish army’s front which spanned across the Gallipoli peninsula on the northern coast of the Dardanelles Channel. However, due to a miscalculated landing point, they met the attack of the Turkish Army ready and waiting up on the hill. Pinned down on the narrow coastline, more than 33,000 soldiers lost their lives (about a quarter were Australian soldiers) and the operation failed. However, it is said that through this tragic battle Australia completely gained independence from England, and matured to become its own nation.

Anzac, the Landing 1915 by George Lambert (courtesy of the Wikimedia Commons)

Anzac, the Landing 1915 by George Lambert (courtesy of the Wikimedia Commons)

Anzac Cove, Gallipoli (courtesy of the National Library of Australia Commons)


On the 24th April, dawn service, marches, presentation of wreaths and speeches are held in many places across Australia. On Anzac Day, many Australian make the pilgrimage to Anzac Cove in Gallipoli for the dawn service. These days, Anzac Day is to remember all the people who did not return from service in all wars Australia went to, including World War I, World War II, Korea and Vietnam and hope that we have a world that lives without war, but in peace.


Lest We forget.

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Anzac Bridge, Sydney

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